Tanning Facts

Sun bathing is not a recent phenomenon, and the use of the sun for health reasons dates back to prehistoric man who used sun and water for medication.

The Egyptians worshipped the life-giving power of the sun god Ra, the ancient Greek physician Hypocrates specified the sun as a viable medical remedy and even assessed the quality of life in ancient Greek cities according to their favourable position toward the sun.

Romans utilised the benefits of the sun and incorporated it into their bathing culture, many built solaria on top of their houses.

Clearly, sunbathing is not a recent invention or a passing trend.

Tanning is the skin's natural reaction to exposure to sunlight. Whilst it can offer health benefits and a feeling of general well being, it is sensible to exercise caution.

The use of tanning equipment enables us to bask in comfortable warmth and get a tan, regardless of the season.

Why get a tan?
Getting a tan is no more than the skin's way of protecting you against the rays from the sun. A recent survey conducted on behalf of the Sunbed Association showed that there is a strong interest in tanning with around 51% of respondents indicating that they had previously and intended in the future to get a tan.
Research in Germany found that a vast majority of people found tanning to be very pleasant and relaxing. Approximately 75% of respondents stated that they experienced a sense of improved well-being after sunbathing. There is a well known seasonal disorder, seasonal affective disorder (SAD), in which sufferers experience mood changes in the dark winter months. It is very possible that the use of a sunbed can help reduce this disorder through the production of melatonin.

More than half the group felt energized by the sun and two thirds believed that the sun strengthened their own resistance to illness.

Artificial tanning at once places itself in a different league from tanning under the natural sunlight, because the length of exposure time and the specific proportions of the ultra violet are controlled and are designed to both maximise tanning and to minimise any dangers of burning

Sunlight is essential to life. It is a natural phenomenon, which brings blessings in many ways. It is the most important source of vitamin D3 in man and animals. As Vitamin D controls and regulates metabolism in so many ways, it is placed in the category of hormones.

In addition to its well-known effects on bone metabolism, Vitamin D also influences the immune system, the musculature, the glandular and the nervous system and the epidermis. Solaria, using small proportions of UVB, can be responsible for aiding production and regulation of vitamin D3 levels.

In the solarium, you have an environment in which you can relax and enjoy the benefits of the sunshine all year round. Suntanning can make people feel fitter, happier and healthier.

How the skin tans?
The skin contains special cells (melanocytes) capable of producing melanin and releasing it as pigment. UVB radiation stimulates these melanocyte cells to produce more pigment, which is then browned by the UVA rays as the pigment rises to the skins surface. Your skin darkens when you tan due to an increase in the production and the oxidization of a compound called melanin. This helps to protect you from future UV over-exposure. In this way, a suntan is in part 'protective', but this does not mean that your skin cannot be hurt by over-exposure to the sun.

The difference between UVA +UVB
Ultraviolet radiation is made up from different components, including UVA and UVB. The latter radiation variety, a more powerful tanner than UVA, is known to cause sunburn. A small dose of UVB is essential to induce the pigment forming cells to start producing melanin. UVB also increases the thickening of the epidermis (skin). This thickening of the outer skin, along with pigmentation, offers an excellent protection against UV rays. UVB radiation is used in the prevention or treatment of illnesses such as psoriasis, kidney diseases and rickets. The elderly also suffer from Vitamin D deficiency but due to insufficient exposure to sunlight.

Immediate Pigmentation Persistent Pigmentation
Tanning by UVA Tanning by UVA + UVB
Oxidation of existing pigment      
Stimulation of melanocytes to
replicate and melanin production
Greyish - Brown Golden - brown
Lasts minutes - hours Lasts weeks
In combination with skin thickening

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